Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property

CHAPTER I: GENERAL PROVISIONS REGARDING PROTECTION

Article 1. Definition of cultural property

For the purposes of the present Convention, the term "cultural property"
shall cover, irrespective of origin or ownership:

(a) movable or immovable property of great importance to the cultural
heritage of every people, such as monuments of architecture, art or
history, whether religious or secular; archaeological sites; groups of
buildings which, as a whole, are of historical or artistic interest; works of
art; manuscripts, books and other objects of artistic, historical or
archaeological interest; as well as scientific collections and important
collections of books or archives or of reproductions of the property defined
above;

(b) buildings whose main and effective purpose is to preserve or exhibit
the movable cultural property defined in sub-paragraph (a) such as
museums, large libraries and depositories of archives, and refuges
intended to shelter, in the event of armed conflict, the movable cultural
property defined in subparagraph (a);

(c) centres containing a large amount of cultural property as defined in
subparagraph's (a) and (b), to be known as "centres containing
monuments".
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